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Glossary of web terms

TermDefinition
AccessibilityThe practice of making websites usable by all including those with disabilities.x
ADSL(Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line) A special type of DSL line where the upload speed is different from the download speed.
AdWordsAdvertising product developed by Google. The adverts are generally displayed in the search engine or website as sponsored links. Each time a User clicks on the advert the site owner pays. Called pay-per-click advertising.
AJAX(Asynchronous Javascript and XML) - Processing which refreshes parts of a page without having to reload the whole page.
Anti-Virus ProgramA computer program made to discover and destroy all types of computer viruses.
ApacheAn open source web server. Mostly for Unix, Linux and Solaris platforms.
AuthenticationIn web terms: the method used to verify the identity of a user, program or computer on the web.
BandwidthA measure for the speed (amount of data) you can send through an Internet connection. The more bandwidth, the faster the connection.
Banner AdA (most often graphic) advertisement placed on a web page, which acts as a hyperlink to an advertisers web site.
Blog(Short for web log) - The facility to allow visitors to leave feedback which becomes available to other visitors.
BMP(Bitmap) A format for storing images.
BookmarkIn web terms: A link to a particular web site, stored (bookmarked) by a web user for future use and easy access.
BroadbandA fast web connection. To use a road analogy, a telephone line modem connection is like a country lane, ADSL is like a major road and cable is like a freeway.
BrowseTerm to describe a users movement across the web, moving from page to page via hyperlinks, using a web browser. (See Web Browser).
BrowserThe software on your computer which allows you to view a web site i.e., Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Safari
CacheIn web terms: A web browser or web server feature which stores copies of web pages on a computers hard disk.
Case SensitiveA term used to describe if it is of importance to use upper or lower case letters.
Client-side programsA program that runs on the client side as apposed to a server-side program. Javascript is a common language that provides this ability.
CMS(Content Management System) - This refers to the ability for web site owners to update the content of their sites independantly.
Computer VirusA computer program that can harm a computer by displaying messages, deleting files, or even destroying the computers operating system.
CookieInformation from a web server, stored on your computer by your web browser. The purpose of a cookie is to provide information about your visit to the website for use by the server during a later visit.
CSS(Cascading Style Sheet) - The style sheet is used to drive the design the website. It is used to remove the task of controlling style elements such as colour, font, background and layout from the actual content.
DatabaseA database organizes and stores information on a computer. Databases provide processes for storing, manipulating and retrieving data.
Dial-up ConnectionIn web terms: A connection to Internet via telephone and modem.
DNS(Domain Name Service) A computer program running on a web server, translating domain names into IP addresses.
Domain NameThe name that identifies a web site. (like: W3Schools.com)
DownloadTo transfer a file from a remote computer to a local computer. In web terms: to transfer a file from a web server to a web client. (see also Upload).
DPI(Dots per Inch) - Used to measure the resolution of an image. The higher the number of dots, the better the image quality will be. A typical dpi for a web graphic is 72 compared to 300 for a print graphic. This is because a screen has a lower resolution than printing on a piece of paper.
DreamweaverAn application used to create and edit web pages and sites.
Email AddressA unique address for sending and receiving email, i.e., yourname@yourdomain.com
EncryptionTo convert data from its original form to a form that can only be read by someone that can reverse the encryption. The purpose of encryption is to prevent unauthorized reading of the data.
FAQ(Frequently Asked Questions) - A list of questions that Users commonly ask. Often provided to help reduce enquiries.
FirefoxA web browser popular with web developers.
FlashSoftware created to develop animations and interactivity for a website or other applications.
FTP(File Transfer Protocol) - The transferring of files to the Internet using a FTP program. (Dreamweaver, Filezilla)
GBSame as Gigabyte. 10GB is ten gigabytes.
GIF(Graphics Interchange Format) A compressed format for storing images developed by CompuServe. One of themost common image formats on the Internet.
Gigabyte1024 megabytes. Commonly rounded down to one billion bytes.
GraphicsIn web terms graphics describe pictures (opposite to text).
HitsThe number of times a web object (page or picture) has been viewed or downloaded.
Home PageThe top-level (main) page of a web site. The default page displayed when you visit a web site.
Hosting AccountAn account with a company that provides space for your site on their servers.
HTML(Hypertext Markup Language) HTML is the language of the web. HTML is a set of tags that are used to define the content, layout and the formatting of the web document. Web browsers use the HTML tags to define how to display the text.
HTML EditorA software program for editing HTML pages. With an HTML editor you can add elements like lists, tables, layout, font size, and colors to a HTML document like using a word processor. An HTML editor will display the page being edited exactly the same way it will be displayed on the web (See WYSIWYG).
HTML TagsCode to identify the different parts of a document so that a web browser will know how to display it.
HyperlinkA pointer to another document. Most often a pointer to another web page. A hyperlink is a synonym for a hotlink or a link, and sometimes called a hypertext connection to another document or web page.
ImageA picture or graphic.
Index PageUsually the first page of your web site. Also called Home page.
InternetA world wide network connecting millions of computers. (See also WWW)
Internet ExplorerA browser by Microsoft. The most commonly used browser today.
IP Address(Internet Protocol Address) A unique number identifying every computer on the Internet (like 197.123.22.240)
ISP(Internet Service Provider) - A company that provides access to the Internet.
JavascriptIs a programming language used in conjuction with HTML to make a website more interactive and appealing for Users. Operates on the client computer. Also see AJAX
JPEG(Joint Photographic Expert Group) - An image format that is used for photos. It uses a compression technique that makes image file sizes smaller
KeywordIn web terms: A word used by a search engine to search for relevant web information. In database terms: A word (or index) used to identify a database record.
Kilobyte1024 bytes. Often called 1K, and rounded down to 1000 bytes.
LAN(Local Area Network) A network between computers in a local area (like inside a building), usually connected via local cables. See also WAN.
LinkA link is used in a webpage to allow Users to jump to other pages or websites once clicked. It is usually in the form or a word or image.
LinuxOpen source computer operating system based on Unix. Mostly used on servers and web servers.
MB1024 kilobytes. Commonly rounded down to one million bytes.
Meta DataData that describes other data. (See also Meta Tags).
META TagHTML code that is hidden in the webpage. It contains information about the web page that may be useful for search engines. See Keywords
ModemHardware equipment to connect a computer to a telephone network Typically used to connect to the Internet via a telephone line.
MouseoverA link on a page that changes to a new state when a mouse rolls over it.
MySQLA database that is used for dynamic websites. It uses SQL language to query and add information to the database.
NavigateIn web terms: The same as Browse.
OfflineNot connected to the internet.
OnlineConnected to the internet.
OS(Operating System) The software that manages the basic operating of a computer.
Page HitsThe number of times a web page has been visited by a user.
Page RankThe number given to a website to show their order when appearing in a search engine results.
PayPalAn eCommerce business that provides its customers the ability to make online transactions either through their eCommerce business or to make electronic payments for other products or services.
PDF(Portable Document Format) - A document file format developed by Adobe. It offers some features to protect the content.
PhotoshopA graphics program commonly used to edit digital photos and images.
PHP(PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) A technology allowing the insertion of serverexecutable scripts in web pages. Mostly for Unix, Linux and Solaris platforms.
PlatformIn web terms: The computers operating system like Windows, Linux, or OS X.
PNG(Portable Network Graphics) A format for encoding a picture pixel by pixel and sending it over the web. A W3C recommendation for replacing GIF.
POP(Post Office Protocol) A standard communication protocol for retrieving e-mails from an e-mail server.
RedirectIn web terms: The action when a web page automatically forwards (redirects) the user to another web page.
RouterA hardware (or software) system that directs (routes) data transfer to different computers in a network.
RSS(Really Simple Syndication) - Allows subscribed Users of a website to receive real-time information that is updated on the Internet.
ScriptA collection of statements written in a Scripting Language.
Scripting LanguageIn web terms: A simple programming language that can be executed by a web browser or a web server. See JavaScript
Search EngineA web application that enables searching vast numbers of sites to only show a subset relevant to the search query.
SEO(Search Engine Optimisation) - Is the process of improving your site to optimise its ranking in the results of searches.
ServerIs a computer that is connected to a network (or the Internet) and provides (serves) information.
Server-sideThis refers to activity that occurs on the server. Only the results of the processing are returned to the client computer.
Site MaintenanceWork done with the web site once it has been placed on the server.
SitemapThis sets out the structure of a website. May be used in a complex site to facilitate finding the right page or subset of pages.
SMTP(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) A standard communication protocol for sending e-mail messages between computers.
SPAMIn web terms: The action of sending multiple unwelcome messages to a newsgroup or mailing list.
SQL(Structured Query Language) An ANSI standard computer language for accessing and manipulating databases.
SSL(Secure Socket Layer) Software to secure and protect web site communication using encrypted transmission of data.
Static IP (address)An IP address that is the same each time connect to the Internet. (See also Dynamic IP).
TagsHTML markup in a webpage. They specify how and where elements are shown on a web page.
TCP/IP(Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) A collection of Internet communication protocols between two computers. The TCP protocol is responsible for an error free connection between two computers, while the IP protocol is responsible for the data packets sent over the network.
ThumbnailA small image that can be presented in place of a larger one. When clicked, the larger immage can be displayed.
UNZIPTo uncompress a ZIPPED file. See ZIP.
UploadTo transfer a file from a local computer to a remote computer. In web terms: to transfer a file from a web client to a web server. (see also Download).
URL(Uniform Resource Locator) A web address. The standard way to address web documents (pages) on the Internet (like: http://www.w3schools.com/)
ValidationThe process of checking that the code used to structure a website conforms to standards.
VisitorIn web terms: A visitor of a web site. Commonly used to describe a person visiting (viewing) a web site.
W3CWorld Wide Web Consortium) The organization responsible for managing standards for the WWW.
Web AddressSame as domain name or URL.
Web AdministratorA person registered to make changes to your domain name information.
Web HostingA service to provide a server, permanently connected to the internet, from which a web site operates.
Web SiteA collection of related web pages belonging to a company or an individual.
Web SpiderA computer program that searches the Internet for web pages. Common web spiders are the one used by search engines like Google and AltaVista to index the web. Web spiders are also called web robots or wanderers.
Web standardsIn an ideal world, a web page that adhered to the Web Standards would look the same on any browser. The world appears to be slightly less than ideal at this time.
WebmasterThe person in charge of a web site.
WWWWorld Wide Web) A global network of computers using the internet to exchange web documents.
WYSIWYG(What You See Is What You Get) In Web terms: To display a web page being edited exactly the same way it will be displayed on the web.
ZIPA compressing format for computer files. Commonly used for compressing files before downloading over the Internet. ZIP files can be compressed (ZIPPED) and decompressed (UNZIPPED) using a computer program like WINZIP.



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